The fall zone on your playground refers to how far surfacing materials extend in all directions beyond the play equipment. For most static equipment, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) recommends that the fall zone be at least 6 feet out in all directions from the exterior of the equipment.
For swings, there are several different recommendations depending on the type and height of swing and the age of the swing user. To get proper surfacing dimensions for swings, we recommend that you refer to the CPSC Public Playground Safety Handbook.
Here at The Adventurous Child, we typically take whatever the fall zone dimensions need to be according to the CPSC guidelines and we add 6 inches to 1 foot in all directions. This extra area helps maintain the proper fall zone dimensions as wear and tear occurs on the surface. Also, if equipment is not installed exactly in the center of the surfacing, the extra area helps to ensure that you will still have the correct amount of surfacing in all directions.
Find more information on our playground design and installation here.